Gaps in Nigeria Demand & Supply Across Key Crops and Activities (2016 Estimate)

Gaps in Nigeria Demand and Supply Across Key Crops and Activities (2016 Estimate) Crop Demand (tons) Supply (tons) Observations
Rice 6.3 million 2.3 million Insufficient supply chain integration remains issue
Wheat 4.7 million 0.06 million Driven by demand for various types of wheat (white, hard, durum), etc. for bread, biscuits and semovita
Maize/Corn 7.5 million 7.0 million Limited imports required but can shift due to feed demand
Soya Beans 0.75 million 0.6 million Animal feed and protein cost alt. driving demand
Chickens 200 million birds 140 million Gap filled by illegal imports that enter market at lower price point than domestic producers; gap also a moving

target based on fast food/QSR demand

national local consumption

Fish 2.7 million 0.8 million Fall off in ocean catch and weakness in aquaculture yields due to cost of fish feed a constraint on growth
Milk / Dairy 2.0 million 0.6 million Driven by insufficient milking cows and low yields (~15-25 liters/day versus norm of 35 – 40 liters NZ/US)
Tomato 2.2 million 0.8 million Actual production is 1.5 million tons but 0.7M ton is lost post-harvest
Yams 39 million 37 million Limited gap today but volumes expected to rise in planning period
Oil Palm 8.0 million 4.5 million Refers to fresh fruit bunch (FFB) from which oil is extracted at a 10% – 15% efficiency rate
Cocoa 3.6 million 0.25 million Demand is global demand which will rise to 4.5M by 2020
Cotton 0.7 million 0.2 million Demand is for seed cotton and could rise to 1.0 – 1.5 million tons subject to textile sector revival
Sorghum 7.0 million 6.2 million Demand will rise further as use in feed grows in 2016 – 2020. Import of malt extracts and glucose syrup is currently used to manage gap, hence a


Source (FMARD, Agriculture Promotion Policy Document, 2016)