Nigeria is the third largest producer of ginger in the world.
The Nigerian ginger is well known and in high demand in the international market because of its aroma and purgency.
Kaduna State stands as the highest producer of the crop while states like Gombe, Bauchi, Benue, Nassarawa among others are major producers of the crop.
In the market, ginger is available in various forms; fresh ginger rhizome, powder ginger and dry ginger rhizome.
GINGER PLANTING SEASON.
The Ginger planting season starts from March / April.
For best yield per hectare under best practises the following should be noted and adhered to;
- Ginger does best in mulched fertile soil. Loam is the most preferred soil type.
- Each sett should be in a hole about 8cm deep with the bud of each sett pointing upwards in the soil.
- Best rhizomes with buds should be selected.
- Minimum annual rainfall of about 1500mm
- The sett should be spaced 30x30cm apart.
- The sett should be spaced 30cm x 30cm apart.
- Compost manure is preferable.
- The preferred fertilizer in Nigeria for ginger growing is the N.P.K 15:15:15
- Weed control using herbicides is important for improved yield.
- Mites, shoot bores and leaf rollers are some major pests that usually attack ginger plants.
In Nigeria, harvesting begins in October / November.
On the average, ginger takes about nine months from the time of planting to mature.
The rhizome can be harvested at different times depending on its purpose. If fresh ginger is required, it is harvested about six month after planting.
If a matured ginger rhizome is required, it is harvested nine months after planting.
Sometimes the rhizomes are left in the ground for nearly two years for propagation to continue. Ginger rhizome can be harvested manually by hand or with machines such as the mechanical digger.
13 to 15 tonnes per hectare under best practises.
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